MFA, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI,1972
BFA, Ohio University, Athens, OH, 1971
BA, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 1970
Jenny Holzer is an American conceptual artist best known for her text-based works, which are constructed from "truisms" such as "abuse of power comes as no surprise" and "protect me from what I want." By experimenting with the use of words visually displayed in public spaces, Holzer is able to stimulate public discussions about violence, sexuality, oppression, human rights, feminism, power, war, and death. Starting with street posters, Holzer's practice has come to incorporate LED screens that run with stock-ticker-like texts, painted signs, plaques, photographs, sound, video, and the Internet.
Until 1993, Holzer wrote her own texts, after which she began to appropriate texts by Polish Nobel laureate Wislawa Szymborska and other champions of human rights, including Elfriede Jelinek, Fadhil Al-Azawi, Yehuda Amichai, and Mahmoud Darwish. Recent works include I Was in Baghdad Ochre Fade (2007), a series of oil on linen transcriptions of torture documents from the Iraq War; Redaction Paintings (2009), which were created using recently released classified memos with texts blacked out by censors; and an installation in the lobby of 7 World Trade Center. In 1990, she was the first woman to represent the United States at the Venice Biennale, where she won the Golden Lion for the best artist.
Jenny Holzer Gallery Art
Yvon Lambert Gallery, Paris, France and New York, NY
Sprüth Magers, Berlin, Germany and London, England
Cheim + Read, New York, NY
Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Tate Collection, London, England
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, MN
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA