Joan Miró

Born 1893
Hometown Barcelona, Spain
La Lonja School of Fine Arts, Barcelona, Spain
School of Industrial and Fine Arts, Barcelona, Spain, 1910

Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX

Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY

Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA

Museum of Modern Art, New York, NT

National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland

National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia

Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice, Italy

Pilar & Joan Miro Foundation and Museum, Mallorca, Spain

Reina Sofia National Museum, Madrid, Spain

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, CA

Claimed as a Fauvist, a Surrealist, Expressionist, and a Magical Realist, the Spanish painter and sculptor Joan Miró has had an enormous influence on the work of several generations of succeeding artists. His lyrical and ebullient pictorial language drew from archaic sources, as well as the drawings of children and contemporary art movements such as Cubism and Tachisme. Miró developed a sophisticated system of symbols and icons in his work, which endured over several decades.

Born to artisans in Barcelona, Miró drew and painted from an early age but attempted business school when he enrolled in higher education at age 14. He quit that enterprise in 1912 and attended school for art between then and 1915. He had his first solo exhibition in 1918, but was so ridiculed by local artists and critics, and so enamored with the arts community abroad, that he left Spain in 1920 and settled in Paris. There he met Pablo Picasso, Max Jacob, Ernest Hemingway, and Tristan Tzara, among others. He associated with Dadaists and Surrealists, who were contemptuous of the constrictions of bourgeois society and its art, and sought radically new forms of representation.

Although Miró moved from a more Cubist style of painting to one loaded with fanciful swirls, lines, dots, and brilliant color, his painting was no less serious than his contemporaries, as testified by his 1937 mural, The Reaper, which was commissioned by the Spanish Republican government for the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris Exposition Universelle, where Picasso’s Guernica was also shown for the first time. The abstract work (now lost or destroyed) depicted a Spanish peasant holding a sickle and giving a Republican salute. The icon, like Guernica, were especially urgent given the concurrent disintegration of the Spanish government during the Spanish Civil war, which would soon lead to Fascist rule of the nation. Miró was forced to return to Spain during World War II, and although the country was allied with Nazi Germany, it was safer for him than Vichy France.

Following the war, Miró expanded his practice, collaborating with poets such as André Breton for texts that would accompany his work. He also experimented with alternatives to painting: printmaking, ceramics, sculpture, and tapestries. He also received a number of large commissions, including work for the World Trade Center, the Maeght Foundation, and for the city of Chicago.

His work is found in collections around the world, including the Museum of Modern Art, The Tate Britain, and the Reina Sofia in Madrid, among others. The Joan Miró Foundation in Barcelona also makes much of his work, as well as the work of his contemporaries, available to the public and awards a biennial Joan Miró Prize to contemporary artists.

Works Available for Purchase



Ten Depictions of the Cosmos by Modern Masters
Alexander Calder Was More than a Sculptor
Here's How 10 Masterpieces Got Sold at Christie's
10 MoMA Exhibitions We Wish We Were Alive to See
10 Surrealist Masterpieces You Need to Know
What Was Surrealism?
9 Expert Tips for Building a Great Art Collection
Why the UES Is the Best Place to See Art in NYC
How Salvador Dalí Forged His Own Masterpieces
Ellsworth Kelly on the "Great Joy" of His Art
10 of the Best Artworks at Art Basel Miami 2015
6 Artworks to Invest in This October
6 Artworks to Invest in This September
Carrie Moyer's Polyamorous Relationship With Art
10 of the Best Artworks at FIAC 2014
Collector Adam Lindemann on Picking Winners
Why Does Art History Have the Blues?


a treasure trove of fine art from the world's most renowned artists, galleries, museums and cultural institutions. We offer exclusive works you can't find anywhere else.


through exclusive content featuring art news, collecting guides, and interviews with artists, dealers, collectors, curators and influencers.


authentic artworks from across the globe. Collecting with us means you're helping to sustain creative culture and supporting organizations that are making the world a better place.


with our art advisors for buying advice or to help you find the art that's perfect for you. We have the resources to find works that suit your needs.


Artspace offers you authentic, exclusive works from world-renowned artists, galleries, museums and cultural institutions. Collecting with us helps support creative culture while bringing you art news, interviews and access to global art resources.