Black Mountain College, Buncombe County, NC
New York's Art Students League, New York, NY
Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, Australia
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig - MUMOK, Vienna, Austria
Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil
Simon Fraser University Art Gallery, Burnaby, BC, Canada
The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts - Musée des beaux-arts de Montréal, Montreal, QC
Carleton University Art Gallery, Ottawa, ON
Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen, Germany
Burger Collection, Berlin, Germany
University Art Museum University at Albany, State University of New York, Albany, NY
Gagosian Gallery, Founded in Los Angeles, CA
Robert Rauschenberg imagined himself first as a minister and later as a pharmacist. It wasn't until 1947, while in the U.S. Marines that he discovered his aptitude for drawing and his interest in the artistic representation of everyday objects and people. After leaving the Marines he studied art in Paris on the G.I. Bill, but quickly became disenchanted with the European art scene. After less than a year he moved to North Carolina, where the country's most visionary artists and thinkers, such as Joseph Albers and Buckminster Fuller, were teaching at Black Mountain College. There, with artists such as dancer Merce Cunningham and musician John Cage, Rauschenberg began what was to be an artistic revolution. Soon, North Carolina country life began to seem small and he left for New York to make it as a painter. There, amidst the chaos and excitement of city life, Rauschenberg realized the full extent of what he could bring to painting.
Rauschenberg's enthusiasm for popular culture and his rejection of the angst and seriousness of the Abstract Expressionists led him to search for a new way of painting. He found his signature mode by embracing materials traditionally outside of the artist's reach. He would cover a canvas with house paint, or ink the wheel of a car and run it over paper to create a drawing, while demonstrating rigor and concern for formal painting. By 1958, at the time of his first solo exhibition at the Leo Castelli Gallery, his work had moved from abstract painting to drawings such as Erased De Kooning (1953) (which was exactly as it sounds) to what he termed "combines." These combines (meant to express both the finding and forming of combinations in three-dimensional collage) cemented his place in art history.